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These comprised four operating VVER-440s, a fifth one under construction and a small older VVER reactor. ON’s “power generation in and outside Europe and global energy trading,” but “E.

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In October 1998 a coalition government was formed between the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and the Green Party, the latter having polled only 6.7% of the vote.

As a result, these two parties agreed to change the law to phase out of nuclear power.

In particular, the agreement put a cap of 2623 billion k Wh on lifetime production by all 19 operating reactors, equivalent to an average lifetime of 32 years (less than the 35 years sought by industry).

Two key elements were a government commitment to respect the rights of utilities to operate existing plants, and a guarantee that this operation and related waste disposal will be protected from any "politically-motivated interference".

The Federal Ministry of Economics & Technology (BMWi) implements national energy policy.

German support for nuclear energy was very strong in the 1970s following the oil price shock of 1974, and as in France, there was a perception of vulnerability regarding energy supplies.

It is to ignore the fact that wind and solar power impose costs on the entire energy system, which go up more than proportionately as they add more." The country's 17 nuclear power reactors, comprising 15% of installed capacity, formerly supplied more than one-quarter of the electricity (133 TWh net in 2010).

Many of the units are large (they totalled 20,339 MWe), and the last came into commercial operation in 1989.

ON, which owned or had a stake in 12 of the country's 19 nuclear reactors which were operating then. ON spun off Uniper, which was to take over all its nuclear assets in 2016, but in the event left German nuclear plants with E. Uniper includes stakes in Swedish nuclear plants.) RWE has equity in the following nuclear plants: Gundremmingen 75%, Emsland 87.5%.

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