Dating services dating enlightenment hobbes

Shaftesbury led the 1679 “exclusion” campaign to bar the Catholic duke of York (the future James II) from the royal succession.

When that failed, Shaftesbury began to plot armed resistance and was forced to flee to Holland in 1682.

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We start with a survey of the major political theories of the Enlightenment: Utilitarianism, Marxism, and the social contract tradition.

In each case, we begin with a look at classical formulations, locating them in historical context, but then shift to the contemporary debates as they relate to politics today.

John Locke’s closest female friend was the philosopher Lady Damaris Cudworth Masham.

Before she married the two had exchanged love poems, and on his return from exile, Locke moved into Lady Damaris and her husband’s household.

In 1666 Locke met the parliamentarian Anthony Ashley Cooper, later the first Earl of Shaftesbury.

The two struck up a friendship that blossomed into full patronage, and a year later Locke was appointed physician to Shaftesbury’s household.Locke would follow his patron into exile a year later, returning only after the Glorious Revolution had placed the Protestant William III on the throne.During his decades of service to Shaftesbury, John Locke had been writing.That year he supervised a dangerous liver operation on Shaftesbury that likely saved his patron’s life.For the next two decades, Locke’s fortunes were tied to Shaftesbury, who was first a leading minister to Charles II and then a founder of the opposing Whig party.To Locke, knowledge was not the discovery of anything either innate or outside of the individual, but simply the accumulation of “facts” derived from sensory experience.

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