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THE WEAPONS used by the Irish in the bloody combats to which this unprovoked insult and aggression gave birth are thus described by Giraldus : — "The Irish use three kinds of arms — short lances, and two darts, as also broad axes excellently well steeled, the use of which they borrowed from Norwegians and Ostmen. the kiss of peace, which the young Norman courtiers attendant on John considering a familiarity, pre- vented ; and not content with merely repulsing them, pulled the beards which had excited their derision, mimicked their gestures, and finally thrust them with violence from their presence.
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THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY furnishes us with very little direct information. it seems to be intimated that either the English affected the Irish, or the Irish the English costume, as it is set forth that " now there is no diversity in array betwixt the English marchours and the Irish ene- mies, and so by colour of the English marchours, the Irish enemies do come from day to day to other into the English counties, as English marchours, and do rob and pill by the highways, and destroy the common people by lodging upon them in the nights, and also do kill the husbands in the nights, and do take their goods to the Irishmen : wherefore it is ordained and agreed that no manner of man that will be taken for an Englishman shall hare no beard above his mouth, that is to say, that he have no hairs on his upper lip, so that the said lip be once at least shaven every fortnight, or of equal growth with the nether lip ; and if any man be found amongst the English contrary hereunto, that then it shall be lawful to every man to take them and their goods, as Irish enemies, and to ransom them as Irish enemies." Whether this similarity of dress was ' C.24. Another act was passed in this reign forbidding the use of " gilt bridles and peytrals, and other gilt harness." The military and female costume of persons of dis- tinction appears, from the few monuments preserved of this period, to have resembled the corresponding cotemporary habits in England ; but it is probable, as we shall shortly show, that the ancient national Irish dress was still worn by the generality of the people, and, oddly enough, on the heels of the statute of Henry VI.
In the army of Henry V., at the siege of Rouen, 1417, were several bodies of Irish, of whom the greater part had one leg and foot quite naked ; the arras of these were targets, short javelins, and a strange kind of knives. above quoted, forbidding the English to dress like the Irish, because their was no diversity, comes an act passed by Edward IV., ordaining that •* the Irishmen dwelling in the counties of Dublin, Myeth, Wrial, and Kildare, shall go apparelled like Englishmen, and wear beards after the English man- ner, swear allegiance, and take English surnames," proving that a diversity did exist even in the Eng- lish pale.
There is a hill in the county of Galway called Knock-Tuagha, the hill of axes, from the circumstance of the Irish having gained a victory over the English there by means of their axes.
These instruments are known in Ireland by various names ; and are frequently a Uuded lo in the old Irish poems and romances. met can defend the head, nor the iron folds ot' the armour the body; whence it has happened in our time that the whole thigh of a soldier, though cased in well-tempered armour, hath been lopped off' by a single blow of the axe, the whole limb falling on one side of the horse, and the expiring body on the other." This latter weapon was called by the Irish the tuagh-catha, or battle-axe.
In the reign of Henry VII., Sir Edward Poy- nings, in order that the parliaments of Ireland might want no decent or honourable form that was used in England, caused a particular act to pass that the lords of Ireland should appear in the like parliament robes as the lords are wont to wear in the parliaments of England.
This act is entitled "a statute for the lords of the parliament to wear robes," and 364 BRITISH COSTUME.
The only female figures in the illuminated copj of Giraldus, above mentioned, are attired in long tunics after the Anglo-Norman fashion. 359 can scarcely question the fashion having been derived from that country.
PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SOUS STAMFORD STREET. Of the ladies' dress, we know nothing further than that it may be inferred from a passage in the annals of Inuisfallen, they wore a variety of ornaments, as when the wife of King O'Roorkewas taken prisoner, in the year 1152, her jewels became the spoil of the enemy. The wearing of bodkins in the hair is so common to this day in Spain, that we NATIONAL COSTUME OP IRELAND.
On Richard's first visit to Ireland, in 1394, all the Leinstcr chieftains laid aside their caps, skeins, and girdles, and did homage, and swore fealty on their knees to the Earl Marshal of England ; and the same ceremony was performed by the principal chiefs of Ulster to Richard himself at Drogheda. We have en- graved it here as an illustration of the Mac Morough, King of Leinster, and his toparchs, from MS. ini SH ARMOUR AND WEAPONS OF THE FOURTEENTH CENTURY. The "one leg and foot naked*' was a curious uniform. 363 assumed by the Irish enemies for the purpose of facilitating their inroads and depredations, or the consequence of long neighbourhood and intercom- munication, does not appear.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating