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This is known as laparoscopic, or “keyhole” surgery.
The surgeon may either hold the instruments directly or may sit at a control panel in the operating room and maneuver robotic arms to do the surgery (sometimes known as a robotic cystectomy).
You can usually go back to your normal activities after several weeks.
In some cases, the surgeon may operate through several smaller incisions using special long, thin instruments, one of which has a tiny video camera on the end to see inside the pelvis.
A transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT), also known as just a transurethral resection (TUR), is often used to determine if someone has bladder cancer and, if so, whether the cancer has invaded the muscle layer of the bladder wall.
This is also the most common treatment for early-stage or superficial (non-muscle invasive) bladder cancers.
Most patients have superficial cancer when they are first diagnosed, so this is usually their first treatment.
Some people might also get a second, more extensive TURBT as part of their treatment.This can often be done using local anesthesia (numbing medicine) in the doctor’s office. When bladder cancer is invasive, all or part of the bladder may need to be removed. Partial cystectomy: If the cancer has invaded the muscle layer of the bladder wall but is not very large and only in one place, it can sometimes be removed along with part of the bladder wall without taking out the whole bladder. Nearby lymph nodes are also removed and examined for cancer spread.Only a small portion of people with cancer that has invaded the muscle can have this surgery.This operation removes the entire bladder and nearby lymph nodes.In men, the prostate and seminal vesicles are also removed.This surgery is done using an instrument put up the urethra, so it doesn’t require cutting into the abdomen.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating